Resource and Data Guide: Additional Resources

The following are resources for further learning, as shared in the Movement is Life 2023 Program Guide.

Section 1: Building “Equiducts” to Achieve Health Equity

Published studies and news reports support the equiduct concept.

Increasing prevalence of multiple common chronic conditions
Study Reveals Persistent Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Prevalence of Multiple Chronic Conditions,” Yale School of Medicine

Systemic and structural bias, racism, and sexism 
Medicine’s Privileged Gatekeepers: Producing Harmful Ignorance About Racism and Health,” Health Affairs

Resource deserts or multiply-deserted areas (MDAs) 
"(Un) Just Deserts: Examining Resource Deserts and the Continued Significance of Racism on Health in the Urban South," American

Sociological Association 
Junk Food Ads Disproportionately Target Black and Hispanic Kids, Study Finds,” NBC News
Nowhere Safe to Play: 'Play Deserts' Keep Kids from Fun Physical Activity,” U.S. News
"'We Have to Travel Far in Order to See a Good Doctor': 2 Local Counties Considered Primary Care Deserts,” ABC News

Inequalities (economic, education, and opportunity)
Black Americans More Than Twice as Likely To Be Unemployed Than White Counterparts, With Unemployment Rate of 10.2% for Black Americans vs 4.4% for White Americans,” National Urban League

Section 2: Health Disparities Across Common Chronic Conditions

Access the Movement is Life Discussion Map Resource Kit online at

Faison WE, Harrell PG, Semel D. Disparities across Diverse Populations in the Health and Treatment of Patients with Osteoarthritis. Healthcare. 2021; 9(11):1421. 

Hargrove, T.W., Halpern, C.T., Gaydosh, L. et al. Race/Ethnicity, Gender, and Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms Across Early- and Mid-Life Among the Add Health Cohort. J. Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities 7, 619–629 (2020).

The Lancet. (n.d.). Global Inequities in Diabetes [Infographic]. The Lancet. 

Heart Disease
Lopez-Neyman, S.M., Davis, K., Zohoori, N. et al. Racial disparities and prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors, cardiometabolic risk factors, and cardiovascular health metrics among U.S. adults: NHANES 2011–2018. Sci Rep 12, 19475 (2022).

How Race and Ethnicity Impact Heart Disease
Cleveland Clinic. (n.d.). Heart disease risk: How race and ethnicity play a role. Retrieved from

Physical Activity
Saffer H, Dave D, Grossman M, Leung LA. Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Differences in Physical Activity. J Hum Cap. 2013 Winter;7(4):378-410. doi: 10.1086/671200. PMID: 25632311; PMCID: PMC4306423. 

Prevalence of Physical Inactivity Among Adults in the U.S. as of 2021, by Race/Ethnicity 
Statista. (2021). U.S. Physical inactivity prevalence by race/ethnicity U.S. 2021. Statista.  

Kidney Disease
Walker, C. S., & Gadegbeku, C. A. (2023). Addressing kidney health disparities with new national policy: The time is now. Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy, 13(1). 

Washington TB, Johnson VR, Kendrick K, Ibrahim AA, Tu L, Sun K, Stanford FC. Disparities in Access and Quality of Obesity Care. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2023 Jun;52(2):429-441. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2023.02.003. Epub 2023 Apr 7. PMID: 37197884; PMCID: PMC10198472. 

Age-adjusted Obesity Prevalence 
Karnes JH, Arora A, Feng J, Steiner HE, Sulieman L, et al. (2021) Racial, ethnic, and gender differences in obesity and body fat distribution: An All of Us Research Program demonstration project. PLOS ONE 16(8): e0255583. 

Bone Health
Miller RG, Ashar BH, Cohen J, Camp M, Coombs C, Johnson E, Schneyer CR. Disparities in osteoporosis screening between at-risk African-American and white women. J Gen Intern Med. 2005 Sep;20(9):847-51. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1497.2005.0157.x. PMID: 16117754; PMCID: PMC1490213.

Section 3: 7 Deadly Synergies and the Vicious Cycle 

Section 4: Community Programs Are Key: Operation Change Overview

Episodes from The Health Disparities Podcast 

Videos: Watch Operation Change in Action

Section 5: The Health Disparities Podcast 

The Health Disparities Podcast is available on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Google, Castbox and iHeart

10 Highlights From the First 150 Episodes 

  1. Addressing gang violence can teach us much about public health and inclusiveness. Featuring Father Gregory Boyle. 
  2. Weight bias. Obesity specialist Fatima Cody Stanford, MD, discusses what’s behind the most common form of bias in the U.S.
  3. Carter Todd: Nursing inspirations and aspirations in Sacramento, California
  4. Exploring the ‘Invisible Knapsack’ concept developed by Peggy McIntosh to understand privilege and power in the context of health and diversity.
  5. Collaboration is the cure: Dr Vivian Pinn calls for renewed efforts to bring about health equity through interdisciplinary collaboration
  6. The power of our voices: Thinking about the language we use in medicine, and the positive consequences of open notes.” 
  7. Operation Change Community Report: St. Louis, Missouri, with Darlene Donegan.
  8. World Environment Day: How pollution and climate change impact health disparities.
  9. Bruce Johnson: Author, health advocate & much-loved CBS reporter discusses health inequities.
  10. Deanna’s Story: “It Changed my Whole Way of Thinking.” How Operation Change helped Deanna Find Pride and Purpose.

Section 6: Racism in Society and Medicine: An Era of Reevaluation 

Section 7: An Expanding Health Equity Ecosystem 

Section 8: Moving the Needle: Health Equity Initiatives and Programs